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The Symbolism of Flowers

A Rose for Eternal Love

Latin name: Rosa
Availability: All year
Colours: all colours
“My ardent love”

The rose, as we can imagine, is an incredibly powerful symbol. Their beauty and their enchanting aroma create a romantic ambience straight from a fairy tale. The rose has had a strong presence in the world and its many cultures for centuries. One of the most famous examples is Shakespeare’s very well know verse: “What’s in a name? A rose by any other name would smell just as sweet.” Lewis Caroll also uses roses in a dreamy and magical way in Alice in Wonderland. Gabrielle-Suzanne de Villeneuve used them to create a curse, and her story was popularised in 1991 when Disney produced the animated version with the same name: Beauty and the Beast. The rose is a flower filled with history, cultural impact and romantic connotations, perfect for any occasion.

Every colour of the rose has a particular significance, which means it’s as easy as ever to send a message to a loved one. Whether the recipient knows the language of flowers or not, a bouquet reflecting a particular emotion will without a doubt convey its intentions.


The classic red rose, a symbol of love and passion, is perfect to offer to a significant other. It symbolizes eternal love, sacrifice, respect, and admiration. Moreover, every shade of rade can have a special meaning.

Amaranth red: permanent love
Cardinal red: sublime desire
Carmine red: false desire (carmine red is an artificial color, which gives it that unique meaning)
Flaming red: the flames of passion

In the victorian era, yellow roses meant jealousy and were even used as an insult when a significant other was suspected of adultery. Nowadays, its much more common as a symbol of friendship and joy, and is often given in times of convalescence, or to put a smile on someone’s face. Yellow has been a symbol for the Sun for millenia, these roses are perfect to add a little light to a grey day.

The white rose is admired for its pure aesthetic since Ancient Greece and still is today. It symbolizes purity, innocence and new beginnings. It is particularly appropriate at the beginning of a new relationship, as a gift for new parents, or in weddings. In the story of Alice in Wonderland, the Queen of Hearts has the white roses in her gardens painted red. It signifies Alice’s loss of innocence and the immersion in the Queen’s world, which is filled with cruelty and violence.


Pink roses vary as much in shade as they do in symbolism. In the victorian era, the deeper the shade of pink used, the deeper the love expressed was. These days, pale pink is a symbol of softness and admiration, and can also be used as sympathies. They are particularly appreciated in new relationships or for familial love. Darker pinks are more reminiscent of gratitude and appreciation and are traditionally used as thanks. Pink roses are also perfect for congratulations, whether it’s for a graduation, a new job, or a retirement.


For millennia, the color purple has been strongly associated with nobility and royalty. This tradition dates back to Antiquity, when the Persian king Cyrus the Great took as a uniform a purple tunic, around 500 years before the common era. Some roman emperors even went as far as forbidding citizens from wearing that color. This reverence for the color purple actually comes from the simple law of supply and demand. Purple dye was incredibly expensive, since the ingredient was very rare, and it then became a symbol of wealth. It only started becoming a little more common in the XIXth century, when the first artificial dyes started to appear on the market.

Purple roses are then a perfect show of elegance and give off a regal appearance. They are a sign of opulence and enchantment and are perfect for any occasion, whether it’s for a loved one or for Easter, because pastel shades are commonly associated with that time of year.


The orange rose has warm color that permeates with joy and pride. A mix of red, yellow and oranges roses can create a bridge between the friendship of yellow and the love of red, and is perfect for a love confession. Additionally, they can create seasonal decorations perfect for Thanksgiving or Halloween, or as a gift for academic achievements.


The blue rose, by its very nature, symbolises the impossible and the imaginary. The blue rose is actually a white rose which is then dyed, because that color doesn’t exist naturally. This effect was first discovered in the Middle East, where somebody had placed a blue die in between the roots of the plant. the blue rose gives a magical and interesting look to any bouquet, and lets the mind wander to magical places.


Black roses are generally associated with an end or the loss of a loved one. It is however not recommended for funerals, as it can bring a very dark atmosphere. White roses are much ore appropriate for those occasions. In current trends, black roses are mostly used to create a specific aesthetic, by giving an arrangement a modern or gothic flair.